Killed by terrorists.
Unfortunately we have to break the news official, Valeria SOLESIN, the Venetian student , who 6 years ago moved to Paris , is died assassinated during the terrorist attack on the theater Bataclan last Friday.
The girl was 28 years old, was born in Venice’s historic center, district of Canareggio , and had graduated with honors and was doing his doctorate in France . Into her experiences volunteering also in favor of the homeless.
We strongly condemn the squalid nationalist use that Italian authorities are making of his sacrifice.
Really , despite his great talent, she emigrated to France just because Italy is dominated by nepotism and corruption in the allocation of jobs, rather than by merit.
So a person who took care of the homeless but also very interested in the status of women and to work.
Here is the translation of an article written by Valeria, published in 2013 , that has a title that sound very much as an exhortation : This is a caracter typical of the venetian people : “Come on young women, let’s go to work!”
For the original access this link. Allez les filles, au travail!
In Europe, the female activity has been promoted since the late 90’s through the European Employment Strategy (EES). Objective of the Community institutions is to encourage the employment of women at all stages of the life cycle, especially in times considered “risky”, coinciding with the arrival of children. Although the participation of women in the labor market has greatly increased in the European Union, important differences between countries persist. The countries of the North are in fact characterized by high rates of female employment and fertility that remained high. On the contrary, in the countries of the South, low rates of female professional activities, are combined with low levels of fertility (OECD, 2011).
Such opposition is found equally between France and Italy. In 2011, the employment rate for women aged between 20 and 64 is in fact 65% in France, compared with 50% in Italy. Also in 2011, the economic indicator of fertility rate is 2 children per woman in France, while in Italy is only 1.4 (ISTAT, 2012).
Yet these countries are relatively similar in terms of population: both unapopolazione with about 60 million inhabitants (considering only the Metropolitan France), and with a life expectancy at birth comparable. Also they share cultural aspects, such as the Catholic religion, and geography, being joined by 515 km border. The organization of the labor market seems to respond to a similar logic: relatively rigid in both countries, but in Italy protects most workers belonging to the categories “typical” (as the industry).
In light of this information it seems logical to wonder how two neighboring countries could stand so deeply in terms of fertility and female participation in the labor market. One possible explanation is that in Italy, more than in France, persists a traditional view of the roles assigned to men and women.
The work, for whom? The opinions of Italian and French
Data from the European Value Study 2008 describe the strong contrasts in the opinions of French and Italian about the participation of women in the labor market.
To the question “And ‘likely that a preschooler suffers if his mother works outside the home”, 76% of Italians and Italian claims to be “strongly agree” or “tend to agree”. It is only 41% in the case of France and the French. Even the question “A mother who works outside the home can establish a warm and safe with the children as a mother who does not work” Italians show a more traditional neighbors across the Alps. Between Italians and Italian only 19% said they “strongly agree” with the statement, while this percentage reaches 61% in the case of French and French.
In Italy there is therefore a negative opinion with respect to women’s work in the presence of children under school age. In France, however, the female work is encouraged at all stages of the life cycle, even in the presence of young children. Therefore it seems reasonable to think that in Italy, more than in France, the participation of women in the labor market may be influenced by age and number of children.
Who are the women who work in France and Italy?
According to data from the Survey Labour Force Survey of 2011, in both countries, the employment rate for women without children is systematically higher than that of women with children. In Italy, however, the situation seems more dramatic because, in the age group between 25 and 49, working 76% of childless women, against 55% of women with children. In France, however, these percentages may reach 81% in the first case and 74% in the second.
[Screenshot 15/11/2015 at 18:11:22] In addition, in Italy, the rate of occupazionefemminile is influenced by the size of the family: it decreases as the number of children. In France, however, female employment varies only marginally in the presence of one or two children in the nucleus. However, in both countries, live in a household consisting of three or more children, seriously jeopardizes the professional activity of women. In Italy, in fact, in the age group 25-49 years, only 42% of women with three children are active occupied, this percentage increases to 60% in France.
While in Italy there is a negative relation to women’s work in the presence of young children, the employment rate of women with children under school age is lower by only 6 percentage points compared to women without a child under the age of six years ( 61% against 55%). In France, however, compared with a positive view on women’s work in all phases of the life cycle, the employment rate decreases deeply in the presence of young children (80% of women without children under six are occupied active , against 66% of mothers with children under six years old). In this country, in fact, there are measures for reconciling work and family life that allow women (and men) to discontinue – temporarily – their professional activities.
In a European environment that promotes employment for women not to ignore the impact of the arrival of children on the professional women. While, in fact, Italy struggled to achieve the objective, set by the Lisbon Treaty, 60% of female employment, it is noted that in France, a country far more powerful, the employment of women is yet sensitive to the age and number of children present in the household. And ‘for this reason that it seems desirable to a greater sharing of family and work responsibilities between women and men in both countries